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The inconsistent effect of the different wavelengths of sunlight on the skin deserves tailored advice on using sunscreen along with considering different skin phototypes and conditions. The advancements in the filters and formulations of sunscreens have now made it happen.
An international expert panel, explored the literature, concentrating on the kind of sunscreen to be recommended for photoaging, skin cancers, photodermatoses, pigmentary disorders and skin inflammatory disorders.
Individuals with lighter skin are at a higher risk of sunburn, DNA damage and skin cancers, thus specifically need protection against ultraviolet (UV)B. In contrast, darker skin may deliver a natural safeguard against UVB but is predisposed to hyperpigmentation yielded by visible light (VL) and UVA.
Since adapting the sunscreens formulation and texture to skin type and dermatoses is critical, an expert panel provided practical recommendations on prescribing the type of sunscreen for different skin types and conditions. They further mentioned that the active compounds (topical or systemic) could be a good supplement to filters as they enhance DNA repair, lessen oxidative stress, decrease inflammation and restore skin microbiota.
Source: Passeron T, Lim HW, Goh CL, et al. Photoprotection according to skin phototype and dermatoses: practical recommendations from an expert panel. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2021;35(7):1460-9.