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What action can be taken if patient threatens filing an FIR?

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Dr KK Aggarwal & Advocate Ira Gupta    03 July 2019

Threatening any person i.e. criminal intimidation is a criminal offence under Section 503 of Indian Penal Code and the same is punishable under Section 506 of the Indian Penal Code. If any person threatens the doctor, then the doctor can lodge an FIR under Section 503/506 IPC against the said persons for committing the offence of criminal intimidation.

The relevant provisions of Indian Penal Code are reproduced hereunder:

“Section 503. Criminal intimidation. Whoever threatens another with any injury to his person, reputation or property, or to the person or reputation of any one in whom that person is interested, with intent to cause alarm to that person, or to cause that person to do any act which he is not legally bound to do, or to omit to do any act which that person is legally entitled to do, as the means of avoiding the execution of such threat, commits criminal intimidation.

Explanation: A threat to injure the reputation of any deceased person in whom the person threatened is interested, is within this section.

Section 506. Punishment for criminal intimidation. Whoever commits, the offence of criminal intimidation shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both; If threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, etc.—And if the threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, or to cause the destruction of any property by fire, or to cause an offence punishable with death or 1[imprisonment for life], or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years, or to impute, unchastity to a woman, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, or with fine, or with both.”

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