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A study published in the journal Diabetes Care highlights the importance of whole diet rather than focusing on certain foods or food groups that might be beneficial.
A diet rich in whole grains, fruits and vegetables (leafy green), nuts, and low-fat dairy may help people lower their risk of type 2 diabetes by 15% over 5 years than those who eat the lowest amounts of these foods. Also, a diet which contains high amounts of red meat, high-fat dairy and refined grains like white bread may boost the odds of diabetes development by 18%.
In contrast, adults with diets high in red meat, high-fat dairy, refined grains like white bread, as well as beans and tomatoes, had their diabetes risk go up by 18% as a group.
Type 2 diabetes is closely linked to obesity and it is well-known that maintaining a healthy weight through diet and exercise reduces the risk of developing the disease. The effect of diet on diabetes risk is independent of a person’s weight.