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Investigators in a large observational study from Spain have found a strong association between malnutrition and worse outcomes in acute coronary syndrome (ACS).
Malnutrition was found to have a significant association with increased risk for all-cause death over a median of 3.6 years after hospitalization for heart attack - Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT): adjusted HR 2.02 for moderate malnutrition (95% CI 1.65 to 2.49) and 3.65 for severe nutrition (95% CI 2.41-5.51); Nutritional Risk Index (NRI): adjusted HR 1.40 for moderate malnutrition (95% CI 1.17-1.68) and 2.87 for severe nutrition (95% CI 2.17-3.79); Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI): adjusted HR 1.71 for moderate malnutrition (95% CI 1.37-2.15) and 1.95 for severe nutrition (95% CI 1.55-2.45). The findings were published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology… (Medpage Today)