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Health is not mere absence of disease; it is a state of physical, mental, social, spiritual, environmental and financial wellbeing. All aspects of health are not defined in allopathy.
During MBBS, medical students are taught more about the physical health. Social and mental health are covered only in few lectures. Community health is a separate subject but never given its due importance. Spiritual health is not defined at all and financial health is hardly covered.
Yet, in day-to-day practice it is the social, financial, spiritual and community health, which are most important during patient-doctor communication. It is incorporated in the four basic purposes: dharma, artha, kama and moksha.
Dharma and artha form the basis of karma, which means righteous earning. You are what your deep rooted desires are. Most of the diseases can be traced to a particular emotion, whether positive or negative. Anger and jealousy are related with heart attack, fear with blood pressure, greed and possessiveness with heart failure. If the mind is not healthy, one cannot be free of diseases.
The best description of health comes from Ayurveda. In Sanskrit, health means swasthya, or establishment in the self. Being established in the self means a union of mind, body and soul. Most symbols of health are established around a shaft with two snakes and two wings. The shaft represents the body, two snakes represent the duality of mind and the two wings represent the freedom of soul.
Sushrut Samhita in Chapter 15 Shloka 10 defines the Ayurvedic person as under:
Swastha iti abhidhiyate.
From an Ayurvedic point of view, for a person to be healthy, he/she must have balanced doshas, balanced agni, balanced dhatus, normal functioning of malkriyas and mind, body, spirit and indriyas full of bliss and happiness.
Human body is made up of structures (Kapha), which have two basic functions to perform; metabolism (pitta) and movement (vata). Vata, pitta and kapha are the three doshas in Ayurveda. Samana dosha signifies balance of structures, metabolism and movement functions in the body. Agni in Ayurveda is considered to be in balance when a person has normal tejas and a good appetite.In Ayurveda,there are seven dhatus: rasa, rakta, mamsa, medha, asthi, majja, shukra.They are required to be in balance. They are equivalent to various tissues in the human body.
Ayurveda necessitates proper functioning of natural urges like urination, stool, sweating and breathing and that is what balance in malakriya means.
Ayurveda says, for a person to be healthy, he/she has to be mentally and spiritually healthy, which will only happen when his or her indriyas are cheerful, full of bliss and devoid of any negativities. For indriyas to be in balance, one has to learn to control over the lust cum desires, greed and ego. This can be done by learning regular pranayama, learning the do’s and don’ts in life, living in a disciplined atmosphere and learn to live in the present.
Regular pranayama takes one from the sympathetic to the parasympathetic mode, balances the mind and thoughts and helps get rid of negative thoughts from the mind. For living a disabled life, one can follow the yama and niyama of yoga sutras of Patanjali or do’s and don’ts taught by various religious gurus, leaders and principles of naturopathy. Living in the present means conscious or meditative living. This involves either learning meditation 20 min twice a day or learning subtle mental exercises like mind-body relaxation, yogic shavasana, self-hypnotic exercises, etc.
According to Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, a person who eats thrice a day is a rogi, twice a day is a bhogi and once a day is yogi. The take home message is: To live more one has to eat less.
Swar yoga defines the importance of respiration and longevity. According to this yoga shastra, everybody has a fixed number of breaths to be taken during the life span.
Lesser the number a person takes in a minute, more is the life. It also forms the basis of pranayama which is nothing but longer and deeper breathing with reduced respiratory rate. To be healthy, one can remember to follow the principle of moderation and variety in diet and exercise, regular pranayama and meditation and positive thinking.