Informed refusal |
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Informed refusal

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At times, patients may refuse treatment. The doctor must fully explain to the patient or his/her attendants about the risks and the possible adverse outcomes, of refusing the recommended treatment or the diagnostic procedure. This is called informed refusal and it must be documented. 
 
Documentation should include the need for intervention, as well as risks, benefits and alternatives to the intervention, and that the possible consequences of refusal have been explained to the patient. The reason for refusing to undergo the treatment must also be documented. 
 
Documenting informed refusal is as important as informed consent.
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