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Vitamin D is known to modulate the systemic inflammatory response by interacting with the immune system and has a possible protective role against the risk of respiratory tract infections.
A study reported that the risk of COVID-19 infection was higher in subjects with deficient vitamin D values, contrasting those with replete values. They also found that Vitamin D deficiency worsened the severity and increased the mortality in COVID-19 infection.
So Vitamin D Supplementation may be considered as a preventive and therapeutic measure in Covid-19 patient.
Source: Petrelli F, Luciani A, Perego G, Dognini G, Colombelli PL, Ghidini A. Therapeutic and prognostic role of vitamin D for COVID-19 infection: A systematic review and meta-analysis of 43 observational studies. J Steroid BiochemMol Biol. 2021 Mar 26;211:105883. doi: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2021.105883. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33775818; PMCID: PMC7997262.