Reactive balance control in older adults with diabetes.


eMediNexus    10 January 2018

A new study published in Gait & Posture compared reactive balance control in three groups of individuals, young (YA), healthy non-diabetes older adults (non-DM-OA), and diabetes older adults (DM-OA). Each group comprised 20 participants who completed a series of vision, plantar cutaneous sensitivity, and grip power and lower limb strength tests. The findings of the reactive balance test revealed that except for the knee extensor, DM-OA had comparatively poorer muscle strength and plantar sensitivity. On the other hand, DM OA had greater center of pressure (COP) mediolateral (ML) motion than YA and non-DM-OA. In addition, DM-OA had markedly greater COP anteroposterior (AP) motion than YA. It was stated that the grip power alone and in conjunction with plantar sensitivity explained a significant amount of variance in the AP and ML COP motions, respectively, for DM-OA. From the results, it was concluded that diabetes in older adults was associated with decline in reactive balance control, and these changes may be related to muscle weakness and plantar insensitivity.

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