Rapid Diagnostic Tests in Infectious Diseases


Dr Ketan Shah, Surat    15 January 2018

  1. Various rapid diagnostic tests are available now in India.
  2. Tests like BIOFIRE, which use a panel of tests, can give fast and accurate diagnosis. This test is used in respiratory, GIT and CSF specimens. It has been tried even in blood samples.
  3. Malaria, dengue, leptospirosis, chikungunya, typhoid can be diagnosed by rapid card tests. However they need to be interpreted in view of clinical fi ndings and need to be confirmed by other tests like blood culture or PCR, ELISA-based tests.
  4. Urine strip test is also a rapid test but has limitation of doing only glucose and albumin detection. Sugars and proteins other than albumin are not detected.
  5. These newer tools have wide clinical implications.

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