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The prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders in school-children.

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eMediNexus    03 February 2018

The purpose of a recent study published in Boletin Medico del Hospital Infantil de Mexico was to determine the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in school-children of Colombia and to assess the associated factors. This cross-sectional study was conducted at twelve private and public schools throughout Colombia, wherein students within the age-group of 8-18 years completed a validated questionnaire to assess functional gastrointestinal disorders according to the Rome III criteria. The findings showed that the percentage of children with at least one FGID was 23.7%. Disorders of defecation were the most frequently reported FGID in 11.7%, followed by abdominal pain related-functional gastrointestinal disorders in 10.4%. From the results, it was inferred that children had higher predisposition to FGIDs if their parents were separated; if they attended private school; or in case they had nausea. It was stated that this large epidemiological study of pediatric FGIDs is the first to evaluate a broad cross-section of children throughout a nation. These findings can be helpful while providing medical care to children with FGIDs and when planning public health efforts.

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