Weight Loss and the Management of Arthritis


eMediNexus    31 December 2022

Living with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can be difficult because of the chronic pain, swelling in the joints, and limited mobility that can lower one′s quality of life. RA is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system of an individual begins to attack their healthy body tissues. The progression of RA causes the synovium to inflame and eventually erode the bone and cartilage that make up the joint. With the deterioration of tendons and ligaments holding the joint in place, RA causes the joint to become misaligned and out of shape.


Several studies have established that arthritis can make an individual susceptible to weight gain due to reduced physical activity. Hence, losing weight is one of the most critical things advised by the doctor to manage arthritis. These studies have shown that reducing the stress on the joints by losing weight will improve one’s mobility, decrease pain, and prevent future damage to the joints.


However, a lack of physical activity and the use of certain medications make it difficult for people with RA to lose weight. Therefore, with some simple tips and practices suggested by experts, patients suffering from RA have a better chance of losing weight.


Experts have suggested that the patient avoid crash dieting, as short-term fad diets can weaken their metabolic rate, affect their immune system, disturb bowel habits, heighten their immune response, and reduce their energy levels, which can ultimately cause more inflammation. On the other hand, they recommend intermittent fasting because a patient can get rest during the fasting windows, leading to reduced inflammation.


Additionally, they recommend that arthritis patients consume at least 4 to 5 liters of water daily to lose weight, boost energy, and postpone muscle fatigue. They suggested that the patients also limit their salt consumption to 2,300 mg per day to reduce bloating in the body. They added that other measures such as adequate sleeping time, consuming foods rich in vitamins B, D, Omega 3 acids, and magnesium, and supplementing the body with glutamine can help in reducing the cramps and can ensure proper muscle function.


(Source: https://www.daijiworld.com/news/newsDisplay?newsID=1034674 )

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