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Type-2 diabetes self-management among Spanish-speaking hispanic immigrants.

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eMediNexus    11 September 2017

A new article published in Research in Nursing and Health reported qualitative findings of a mixed-methods study of the relationships among knowledge, self-efficacy, health promoting behaviors, and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) self-management among limited-english-proficient recent Hispanic immigrants a population with increased incidence of T2DM and barriers to successful T2DM management. In this study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 participants, and physiological and demographic data were collected. The findings revealed that the participants generally correlated developing the disease to strong emotions and viewed T2DM as a serious ailment. Although a majority understood the importance of exercise and diet in T2DM self-management, other aspects such as medication adherence were not well-understood. Obstacles to effective T2DM self-management were found to be negative interactions and communications with health care providers and other personnel, cultural stigma related to the disease, financial constraints, immigration status, and the complexity of the disease. Hence, interventions to improve the care and self-management of this at-risk population were recommended.

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