Treating vulvovaginal candidiasis the herbal way with dill


Dr Anita Kant    03 May 2018

On the basis of in vivo and in vitro studies, it is known that dill (Anethum graveolens) has anti-candida activity. A recent study compared the effect of dill vaginal suppositories and 100 mg clotrimazole vaginal tablets on vulvovaginal candidiasis. This single centre, single-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial enrolled 60 women with microbiology-confirmed vulvovaginal candidiasis. The study subjects were randomly assigned to dill and clotrimazole groups. At the end of the study, the estimated prevalence of leucorrhea, burning, and itching was 23%, 23% and 20% in dill users, respectively. The respective figures were 20%, 10% and 16.7% in the clotrimazole group, respectively. The difference between the two groups was not significant. About 13% of suppository patients, compared with 10% of clotrimazole-treatment patients, had a positive culture, which was again not significant (p = .68). Dill vaginal suppositories were found to be as effective as clotrimazole vaginal tablets in reducing both clinical and microbiological symptoms of candidiasis. These findings suggest that obstetricians and gynecologists can offer dill as a useful alternative to chemical drugs, more so in women who are interested in herbal medicine, or in women who are resistant to or are not allowed to use antifungal drugs. The findings are published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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