GERD a Risk Factor for Temporomandibular Joint Disorders |
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GERD a Risk Factor for Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

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Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is associated with a nearly three-fold increased risk of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), according to a new study.

Following up on a case-control study from 2010 that linked TMD to GERD, the authors conducted a larger study including 1,522 consecutive chronic TMD patients and 1,522 controls from two hospitals in China. In the TMD group, 132 patients were diagnosed with GERD, compared to 61 patients in the control group. GERD was associated with a significantly increased risk of TMD (odds ratio 2.74). The findings are published in CMAJ, online August 19.

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